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Export / Import

Export / Import

An operational solution to the issue of increasing the supply of waste paper on the Russian market is to increase the import of waste paper from the EU countries as the most accessible of the enormous waste paper markets, as well as from other countries that are net exporters. However, the possibility of importing waste paper from the EU and other countries to the Russian Federation is limited by the current duty in the Russian Federation to import waste paper.

The reduction in the cost of waste paper as a result of the establishment of a zero duty on waste paper will contribute to a reduction in prices for most consumer goods, for some of the essential goods up to 1% (flour, sugar) as a result of eliminating the current shortage of waste paper and the subsequent significant reduction in the cost of corrugated cardboard packaging. An evaluation of the consequences of removing restrictions on the import of waste paper into Russia by the All-Russian Academy of Foreign Trade showed that barriers to the import of intermediate goods are particularly harmful to economic efficiency, while in the current state of the waste paper market, their removal does not pose a threat to the domestic collection of waste paper and manufacturers of pulp containerboard.

Another way to improve raw material security in the domestic market is to limit the export of waste paper by introducing a temporary ban on the export of waste paper or a quantitative restriction on the export of waste paper. A four-month temporary export ban significantly reduced domestic waste paper prices from December 2015 to April 2016. The initiative to limit the export of waste paper was repeatedly supported by the heads of the regions in which waste paper processing enterprises operate - Moscow, Tver, Tula regions, the Republic of Tatarstan, the Perm Territory, and others.

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